Each village has a product
The village is one of the most important bases of production and meeting the basic needs of society, so strengthening the field and capabilities of rural society can lead to the dynamism of the country's economy and have a direct impact on strengthening economic growth indicators, controlling inflation, increasing employment growth and reducing poverty. Be the country. What is needed today more than ever is a change in national and regional policies in support of the flow of the economy and productive production, and for this change the village approach has provided a potential and actual carrier. Infrastructural and economic conditions of Iranian villages have necessitated the adoption of a new strategy for the development of rural economy (employment-oriented, empowering, participatory and sustainable) to enter the stage of sustainable development, without such a development strategy the optimal use of existing infrastructure is possible. It will not be possible and development will not happen in the true sense.
Therefore, it is expected that by attracting maximum participation and empowerment of people in the local community, it will be possible to actively build the future of rural society based on a real understanding of capacities, potentials, competitive advantages and sustainable. "One Product" and with the cooperation of all relevant national, provincial and local agencies with the focus on increasing the empowerment and participation of people in the local community to address this issue.
Successful experience of the fund in implementing this model in villages such as Zardavi, Paveh city, Kermanshah province - local bread production, Fatah Kooh, Rudbar city, Guilan province - peanuts, Sarmaran, Esfarayen city, North Khorasan province - Golkhanhai cucumber, Palangan, Kamyaran city, Kurdistan province - Trout breeding, Samqavar Komijan city of Markazi province - inlaying, branding in Khalkhal city of Ardabil province - peanuts, Gaikan of Aligudarz city of Lorestan province - production of flowers and greenhouse products, Mamka castle of Baladaji city of Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province - production of button mushrooms, Golpurgan of Saravan city of Sistan province And Baluchistan - Production of traditional pottery of West Azerbaijan province - Takpi carpet and sculpture by Mafi Kennedy will encourage all fund and provincial managers of the fund to develop this model in the target village in the year of "Resistance Economy, Production and Employment".
Villagers and producers of agricultural products, etc. to provide the capital and credit needed for product development in various ways, including the use of personal savings and receiving facilities from financial and credit sources. Local micro-funds are among the sources of funding and credit needed by rural producers, the establishment of which has been considered in recent decades and facilitates the development of local communities by creating and expanding income-generating activities.
The program was born in Southeast Asia, Bangladesh and India and has gradually expanded to many developing and industrialized countries. And in our country, during the last two decades, they have been localized and successful in accordance with the economic and social conditions. The nature of the local micro-funds is the development of the fund, which in addition to financing other social empowerment services. The following executive instructions have been prepared by Omid Entrepreneurship Fund to explain the goals, rules and regulations for the implementation of local micro-funds.
The most important goals of establishing micro-credit funds are:
1- Empowering the local community by creating a suitable platform for collective participation in the form of savings credit groups.
2- Improving the individual and social skills of the members through educational programs.
3- Equipping the savings of member families.
4- Increasing the income of low-income households by paying small loans to carry out income-generating activities.
5. Easy access to financial resources.
6- Strengthening the economy of the families of the rural women.
7- Strengthening the participatory spirit in collective and participatory businesses.
8- Creating value creation in the products of rural women and members of the funds.
9- Poverty reduction in rural areas and among rural women.
10- Supporting cooperatives in meeting the financial needs for the market of selling products by members.
Village without unemployment
The year 1396 has been named as "Resistance Economy, Production - Employment", one of the most important components of the resistance economy approach is to strengthen national production capacity. The main base of national production in every country is formed and grows in the countryside. Over the past decades, following some socio-economic changes, villages have not been developed as the main center of production in the country. Irregular migration, water scarcity, and a culture of interest in urbanization are some of the factors that have reduced production capacity in rural areas.
One of the important features in projects related to improving the rural economy is the participation of the local community in the development of the rural development roadmap. To provide synergistic joint capacities to achieve development goals. In fact, it is necessary to focus on the development of the village with the focus on all local activities and actions, even at the national level. Therefore, the feature of "participation" can be the basis of the local development process and provide the opportunity to play an active role for all stakeholders (including the people, civil society and non-governmental organizations and the government).
The second component in improving the rural economy and strengthening the livelihood of rural residents is the issue of "empowerment". Empowerment means increasing the ability, skill and responsible behavior of people in the local community, so that the limited facilities and assets of the rural community through a participatory approach, lead to an impact on the lives of people in the community. Therefore, empowering the local community has a key and fundamental role in attracting participation, promoting social capital, identifying and defining local businesses and ultimately realizing the development of the local economy. Empowerment includes skills and vocational training for specific business activities, management skills such as how to develop the market or how to attend specialized exhibitions or direct sales, increase the ability to conduct business negotiations and manage and control turnover and in general how And the amount of access to financial resources, information and knowledge.
It is expected that through the two components of attracting maximum participation and empowering people in the local community, it will be possible to actively build the future of the rural community based on a real understanding of competitive and sustainable capacities and advantages.
In this regard, Omid Entrepreneurship Fund has tried to implement the "Unemployed Village Plan" in line with the rural industrialization strategy and the strategy of resource orientation and based on the competitive advantage of villages as a factor and source of competitive advantage with the cooperation of all relevant national, provincial and local agencies. Focus on increasing the empowerment and participation of people in the local community in order to achieve sustainable employment and eradicate unemployment. Successful experience of Omid Entrepreneurship Fund in implementing this model in villages such as Astalakh Jan and Dehneh Sar Shijan in Gilan, Varzan, Mazandaran and other provinces. Employment "will be. For this purpose, this guide is prepared and communicated for coordinated and uniform implementation throughout the country.